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Most foods naturally contain vitamins and minerals that your body requires in small amounts to remain healthy. According to Health Canada, food fortification is the addition of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D in milk or thiamine in breakfast cereal. “Controlling the addition of vitamins and minerals to our foods is one way Health Canada ensures that Canadians receive the nutrients they need, but are not exposed to levels that are dangerously high," Coulson explains.
During the manufacturing process, many foods lose their original nutrients. However, the current Food and Drug Regulations permit food fortification to replace nutrients lost during this process.
Low Fat - But Compared to What?
Low fat products have been manufactured to remove some of the original fat content.
Coulson, who specializes in weight management, deters people from using ‘low fat’ products as you are taking out one negative and replacing it with another.
“Fat has been taken out of these products, but what has it been replaced with? I become skeptical with products such as cookies and crackers when they boast a ‘low fat’ marking. The fat has to be replaced with something and it is usually sugar and salt."